It's true that tackle doesn't make the angler, but it can sure effect your performance & attitude.
"How to choose trout tackle".
|Trout are the most popular fly rod fish in the world. There are many species and sub-species of trout adapted to a variety of cold water environments. They live in diverse habitats from tiny mountain streams and spring creeks to huge windy rivers and lakes. Trout range in size from tiny Brookies that are measured in ounces to monster Kamloops of over 30 pounds. The food that these different sizes of trout will consume varies from nearly microscopic insects to chunky crayfish and bait fish. The flies that imitate these food organisms will also vary in size and weight accordingly. Obviously your tackle should match the conditions you will expect to encounter.|
The selection of a fly rod doesn't have to be confusing to the beginner or laborious to the angler who just wants to keep things simple. Your first rod should be a nine foot #5 weight. You can cover the widest range of situations with this size rod. You will find, however, as your curiosity about fly fishing for trout grows, that the least specialized tackle is not always the most appropriate.
We believe that the second, third and fourth generation graphite rods from Sage, Winston, Scott, St. Croix and Redington all have proven reliability and are easy to cast with. This selection covers a wide range of prices. By and large you get what you are willing to pay for.
The following can be used as a
general reference for size and use selection:
The reel should balance in weight with the fly rod and make the whole outfit feel comfortable. Reels that are too heavy or too light are a distraction that can effect your casting and add to fatigue. Generally short rods balance better with lighter weight reels and longer rods with heavier ones.
Big trout love to backlash "first-cousin-to-the-tomato-can" fly reels. A backlash will end every fight in the trout's favor. Reels must be backlash-free at the lowest drag setting you will use. Disk drags are useful when using tippet sizes above the 4 pound test. However most disk type drags have too much inertial startup pressure at the lowest setting for fine tippets. Click-pawl type drag systems usually have the lowest inertial startup pressures.
Every reel should hold a minimum of 75 yards of backing. You won't need it for the average fish but you will need it for every fish of over 4 pounds. All of the appropriate size reels listed in www.flyfishusa.com have passed the brute trout test many times.
Well made, machined fly reels can be fine examples of craftsmanship. Some are functional art work. The best are functional jewelry. Check out our selection of the worlds finest Fly Reels.
A clean fly line in good repair is essential to good line handling
and performance. All Cortland, Scientific Anglers Mastery, Royal
Wulff, Sage, Rio fly lines are great performers. However you
might want to read
Check out our Fly Line Section.
If you carry a complete selection of tapered leaders and fresh tippet material and have learned to tie good knots, your guide will have more time to spot fish for you. Knotless tapered leaders from Climax, Scientific Anglers and Umpqua are all proven.
If you would like to learn about different brands of leaders, go to - Fly Leaders.
If you would like to build your own leaders or have a better understanding of tapered leader design, check out - About Fly Leaders.
Midges and Chironomids are mosquito-like insects that inhabit every watershed that will support trout. They belong to the order of Diptera which means two winged. Other orders of insects have four wings. They are the most widely dispersed aquatic insect genera. In many lakes and slower streams huge populations of these insects make them the most prolific food source for trout, bass and pan fish.
This is especially true of juvenile fish. In many alkaline lakes, double digit trout and larger than average bass and blue gills will selectively feed on midge pupae because of their easy availability. This activity can be very prominent during cool months, but can happen during all times of the year.
Unlike most aquatic insects, which adopt a horizontal attitude when
about their normal business, chironomid pupae are suspended vertically
in the water column. This is an important key to fish. A fly
that rides horizontally can't look or act like a chironomid pupa.
Midges hatch year round and are most important to the trout fisherman during periods when hatches of other aquatic insects are light, such as late fall, winter and early spring. Midges can be active during all parts of the day, but by and large they like the warmer periods of the day during the cold months and the cooler parts of the day during the warm months.
Trout also feed on midges as they are hatching and after they have hatched into winged adults. Alkaline rivers such a s the lower Deschutes have huge populations of midges. If you look along the edges of the river you will see a stringy yellow green substance ringing many rocks in the splash zone. To the inexperienced observer this substance could look like a form of aquatic pants or algae. Actually it is the egg strings from millions of midges. Watch the rivers edge during mid morning and you will see a multitude of midges laying their eggs.
|The foam at the head keeps the fly suspended in a vertical attitude near the surface of the water. The Antron tail is like tail gills hanging from a clear shuck. As the adult insect starts to emerge from the pupa shuck, clear reflective bands form at the body segments and the back of the insect starts to split, hence the reflective rib and Antron back on the thorax.|
Proven In Coldwater Wading Deep
a comparison chart of all
Ross Big Game Fly Reel
|Gloss Black||Champagne Gold|
|In the process of developing
their new reel, they extensively tested all drag materials that
are currently used by fly reel manufacturers. We also tested other
braking materials that have never been applied in a fishing application.
During the course of this testing, several brands of the industry's most
popular fly reels failed. Some of the reasons for drag failure were
excessive heat build-up, surface glazing, material degradation and
seizing. By determining the cause of each failure, they were able to
eliminate unsatisfactory drag materials and drag mechanisms from the
final design of the Big Game BG series. Their extensive testing
determined that the optimal reel designed for big game fly fishing would
include the following features:
By incorporating these features into the final design of our Big Game BG series, Ross has developed a reel that will set a new performance standard in big game fly fishing.
The testing eliminated all possible materials except a space-age polymer composite that consistently outperformed every material tested. In both static (dead lift) and dynamic (full-drag rotation) testing, the polymer composite outperformed the drag materials in every competitive reel tested by a minimum of 25%.
The drag system in the Big Game BG series is smoother and more consistent than the conventional cork drag systems tested. Heavy drag loads, extreme cold, extreme heat and submersion in water all degraded the drag performance and drag consistency of the cork drag systems. The Big Game BG series experiences no loss in performance when exposed to the same challenging elements. In fact, under high-speed, heavy load testing, cork drag systems fatigued before the Big Game BG showed any signs of wear. This incredible success is the result of a revolutionary drag system that is totally corrosion resistant, uses no springs that are easily lost or rusted and has quadruple redundancy. This redundancy provides three backup systems within the drag to ensure dependability under the most demanding fishing conditions. Ross even cross drills the drag surface, similar to Indy car disc brakes, to eliminate the possibility of hydroplaning or drag contamination.
The Big Game BG series has over 6 square inches of effective drag surface; more drag area than any competitive reel of which we are aware. Set at maximum drag, the Big Game BG series accomplished a dead lift weight of 13.5 pounds - three times the effective drag of every cork drag reel they tested.
A reel is only as good as its drag, and when it comes to blistering hot runs from heavyweight fish, a reel must be built to take serious abuse. When tested against a cork drag reel, the Big Game BG series excelled at heat dissipation. In fact, following a heavy load speed test with both reels, the cork drag system generated heat that could be felt through the spool before any noticeable heat could be measured through the Big Game BG's frame. To handle the strain of really big fish, a reel needs to keep its cool, and the Big Game BG has been designed to do just that.
Large Arbor/Wide Spool Configuration
The spool for the Big Game BG series has the perfect ratio of width to arbor diameter to provide all the benefits of large arbor technology. The spool configuration effectively maintains drag consistency as line and backing are quickly removed from the reel. The arbor is fully ventilated to provide maximum air circulation to fly line and backing.
Saltwater reels are exposed to some of the harshest elements known to man. Keeping any fly reel free of salt and debris in surfcasting or flats wading conditions is an impossible task. We therefore took it upon ourselves to design a system that could easily be restored to 100% performance following contamination. Side by side, we packed a Big Game BG series reel and a cork drag reel full of muddy sand. Enough debris was loaded into each reel to cause a drag failure. Simply removing the frame from the spool and vigorously rinsing the two pieces in water returned Big Game BG to full working condition. The cork reel, however, required more extensive cleaning. To return this system to full working condition, they first had to first remove the oil and grease from all surfaces including the cork drag system and then had to re-lubricate the entire reel, including the cork drag surface before the reel was ready for use.
Quick Release/Locking Spool
Ross has designed a spool release system that combines the best features of locking and quick release spools. The system is absolutely secure, eliminating any worries about the spool separating from the frame when exposed to heavy stress. However, unlike many big game reels on the market today, the spool can be quickly removed from the frame to facilitate line changing, freshwater flushing, retrieve conversion, etc. The spool locks into place by rotating the spool cap 180 degrees clockwise and engaging a positive lock. The removal of the spool requires no tools, and best of all, no pieces must be removed to accomplish the separation.
Fishing Shop, Welches, OR
Fish long & prosper,
Mark Bachmann & Patty Barnes