March 2, 1:00pm to 5:00pm
Fly Tying Program: Callibaetis May Fly Patterns
Group leader: Marc Williamson – Local Lake Fisherman
Marc is a well known Northwest fly tier who has been a celebrity fly tier at International Sportsman Expositions & FFF National Conclave, teaches fly tying at Portland Community Collage and is a co-founder of Northwest Christian Fly Fisherman.
|Pheasant Tail Nymph||Callibaetis Sparkle Dun||CDC Comparadun|
|Pheasant Tail Flashback||Hackle Stacker Dun||Callibaetis Thorax|
|Thin Skin Nymph||Callibaetis Paranymph||Loop Wing Parachute|
|Loop Wing Emerger||Callibaetis Cripple||Speckle Wing Spinner|
|Callibaetis Mayflies are delicate, beautiful creatures that inhabit many different kinds of lakes. They are very important to fly fishers because they are prolific and available to the trout as food nearly year round. Callibaetis mayflies belong to the Baetidae family of mayflies. Most Baetidae are multi brooded. Baetidae nymphs mature exceedingly fast|
|and several generations can
emerge within a single season. Baetidae nymphs are strong
swimmers. They are also very active, flitting from place to
place much of the time. This activity makes them available to
trout and easy to mimic with flies. Colors of nymphs tend to shift
with the color of the lake bottom, however most are brown tones.
A slim dressed Pheasant Tail Nymph is the most widely used pattern.
It can be very productive when fished near the bottom and retrieved
with short, sharp strips. Hatches can start in early April on low
elevation lakes and continue through October at high elevations.
Normal hatch time is a two hour period mid to late morning. Cold
days can produce hatches as late as mid-afternoon. The largest
Callibaetis hatch early in the season and the smallest in the fall.
During the spring months, gasses form between the skin of the nymph and the body of the forming adult insect inside. The wing pads and back of the nymph often turn shiny with internal gas bubbles. These bubbles gradually build and will eventually make the nymph so buoyant that it is carried to the surface where it will hatch into a dun. For a period the buoyant nymphs will try to swim back to the bottom to hide in the vegetation. This up and down activity can attract a lot of attention from patrolling trout. Try fishing a Flashback Pheasant Tail or Thin Shin Nymph with a floating line, long leader prior to the suspected hatch. A strike indicator and a slow strip and pause retrieve can do the trick.
When Callibaetis hatch, the nymph rises to the surface where it bumps into the meniscus. Here it hangs with only the hump of the thorax breaking though the surface. Normally within seconds the thorax splits and the adult emerges. Cold or cloud cover days will slow the hatching process and usually provide the best fishing. Often during the start of the hatch the trout target floating nymphs and emerging duns. At this stage loop wing emergers or sparkle duns can provide great success. After the dun slips out of the nymph, it rides on the surface of the water until the wings are dry enough to carry it aloft. During later stages of the hatch, most of the mayflies that are available to the feeding trout are fully hatched. Our favorite dry fly is the Callibaetis Loop Wing Parachute. After leaving the water, the duns fly to the shore-side vegetation where they molt and turn into the reproductive adults or spinners. Be sure to have several Callibaetis Spinner patterns in your fly collection.
This is the most popular pattern for simulating Callibaetis Mayfly Nymphs.
|12260-12||Pheasant Tail Nymph||12||3 for $5.25||-->SALE ENDED|
|12260-14||Pheasant Tail Nymph||14||3 for $5.25||-->SALE ENDED|
|12260-16||Pheasant Tail Nymph||16||3 for $5.25||-->SALE ENDED|
This is a very popular pattern that looks like a Callibaetis Mayfly Nymph that is about ready to hatch.
|12262-12||Pheasant Tail Nymph, Flashback||12||3 for $5.25||-->SALE ENDED|
|12262-14||Pheasant Tail Nymph, Flashback||14||3 for $5.25||-->SALE ENDED|
|12262-16||Pheasant Tail Nymph, Flashback||16||3 for $5.25||-->SALE ENDED|
Nymph, Thin Skin
The Thin Skin Callibaetis Nymph has that glistening effect that simulates air trapped between the nymph and adult skin of the emerging insect.
|01140-12||Callibaetis Nymph, Thin Skin||12||3 for $5.25||-->SALE ENDED|
|01140-14||Callibaetis Nymph, Thin Skin||14||3 for $5.25||-->SALE ENDED|
|01140-16||Callibaetis Nymph, Thin Skin||16||3 for $5.25||-->SALE ENDED|
This is the mayfly as it hangs in the surface film and slides out of the shuck. A Bob Quigley pattern.
|1027-14||Callibaetis Loop Wing Emerger||14||3 for $5.25||-->SALE ENDED|
|1027-16||Callibaetis Loop Wing Emerger||16||3 for $5.25||-->SALE ENDED|
As the Callibaetis Mayfly emerges the shuck will trail behind the newly emerged dun. This pattern is a low floating dry fly with an Antron shuck.
|1029-14||Callibaetis Sparkle Dun||14||3 for $5.25||-->SALE ENDED|
|1029-16||Callibaetis Sparkle Dun||16||3 for $5.25||-->SALE ENDED|
Stacker Sparkle Dun
This is the Callibaetis May fly as it is sliding out of or is trapped in side the nymphal shuck. A Bob Quigley pattern.
|Q1022-14||Callibaetis Hackle Stacker Sparkle Dun||14||3 for $5.25||-->SALE ENDED|
|Q1022-16||Callibaetis Hackle Stacker Sparkle Dun||16||3 for $5.25||-->SALE ENDED|
Some Callibaetis have a distinct olive coloration. This is a good pattern for those hatches. A Bob Quigley pattern.
|Q302-14||Callibaetis Paranymph||14||3 for $5.25||-->SALE ENDED|
|Q302-16||Callibaetis Paranymph||16||3 for $5.25||-->SALE ENDED|
Some nymphs expire before they are able to clear their nymphal shuck. They slowly die while part below and part above the surface film. This fly can be very useful both during and after the hatch as scavenging trout glean the surface of crippled emergers.
|1039-14||Callibaetis Cripple||14||3 for $5.25||-->SALE ENDED|
|1039-16||Callibaetis Cripple||16||3 for $5.25||-->SALE ENDED|
|Q1001-14||Callibaetis, Fluttering Cripple||14||3 for $5.25||-->SALE ENDED|
|Q1001-14||Callibaetis, Fluttering Cripple||16||3 for $5.25||-->SALE ENDED|
This is on of the most popular Callibaetis Dun patterns.
|1028-14||Callibaetis CDC Comparadun||14||3 for $5.25||-->SALE ENDED|
|1028-16||Callibaetis CDC Comparadun||16||3 for $5.25||-->SALE ENDED|
|1028-18||Callibaetis CDC Comparadun||18||3 for $5.25||-->SALE ENDED|
This is a very productive pattern and one that is especially productive in off-color lakes or slow moving rivers.
|1032-14||Callibaetis Thorax||14||3 for $5.25||-->SALE ENDED|
|1032-16||Callibaetis Thorax||16||3 for $5.25||-->SALE ENDED|
|1032-18||Callibaetis Thorax||18||3 for $5.25||-->SALE ENDED|
This may be the best Callibaetis dry fly for selective trout. Buy several because the wings are somewhat fragile and can get torn up after a few fish.
|Q206-14||Callibaetis, Loop Wing Parachute||14||3 for $5.25||-->SALE ENDED|
|Q206-16||Callibaetis, Loop Wing Parachute||16||3 for $5.25||-->SALE ENDED|
Trout often feed heavily on Callibaetis Spinners. This pattern works best if there is texture to the water surface caused by wind.
|1037-14||Callibaetis, Speckle Wing Spinner||14||3 for $5.25||-->SALE ENDED|
|1037-16||Callibaetis, Speckle Wing Spinner||16||3 for $5.25||-->SALE ENDED|
key to success is "understanding".
You can never know enough.
Understanding the organisms that trout feed on is one of the keys to catching trout.
The Hatch Guide For Lakes by Jim Schollmeyer
is great reference material for the trout fisher.
Check out our special deal.
Casting for Steelhead and Salmon:
Many are intimidated by the thought of taking up Spey casting. The long rods, confusing terminology, different equipment, and a relative paucity of Spey-specific teaching materials likely contribute to the perception that Spey casting is inherently more difficult to learn than overhand casting. Quite to the contrary, Spey casting is often more forgiving and less dangerous than overhead casting, especially with large flies. For those of you thinking about learning to Spey cast, or who are already Spey casting, I hope this monograph will help expose what is an eminently useful, fun, and relatively easy way to cast and catch fish!
History: Brief Review
The Spey style of casting and fishing was developed on the storied Scottish river Spey over 200 years ago. Like other rivers in the Highlands of Scotland, the waters of the Spey are bordered by steep banks and trees, precluding the effective use of traditional overhead casts. In their typically resourceful way, the Scots developed a unique style of casting, using long rods and graceful flowing movements to deliver long casts requiring little or no back–casting clearance. This style of casting also maximized the efficiency of fishing by essentially eliminating the need for stripping and shooting line. Using a single graceful motion, a Spey caster could change the direction of an 80’-100’ cast up to 90 degrees effortlessly. The technique of Spey casting continued to evolve, reaching a peak in the late Victorian era with the contributions of a man named Alexander Grant.
Mr. Grant demonstrated the awesome distance potential and utility of Spey casting, without ever having to shoot line. Raised on the Spey, and later known as “the Wizard of the Ness”, Grant’s revolutionary approach towards Spey casting allowed him to fish the large rivers of his home more effectively. A farmer by profession (among his other talents, he was a gifted an amateur scientist who was said to correspond with Einstein, a legendary traditional Scottish fiddler and violin-maker, and an inventor), Grant carefully analyzed the equipment of the day, the fundamental physics of the Spey cast, and formulated (for the time) radical and advanced continuous taper silk lines (square in cross section, instead of round) and developed refinements in the techniques of the Spey cast which are still practiced today. In 1895, Grant recorded the longest ever Spey cast, performed without shooting line, of 65 yards (195 feet), using a 21 foot spliced greenheart rod and silk line of his own design. The cast was performed from an anchored boat, and was recorded by judges of “unimpeachable accuracy”. Even at the ripe age of 79, Grant was witnessed catching Atlantic salmon with casts approaching 50 yards. Sadly for later generations, Grant committed little of his work and techniques to paper, but many of his achievements were chronicled by Donald G. Ferris Rudd (writing as Jock Scott) in “Fine and Far Off” (1952). As we enter the new millennium, even with modern high–modulus graphite rods, space age resins, computer assisted design technologies, advanced plastics, and fancy polymer fly lines, Grant’s distance mark has yet to be bettered.
Spey casting, popular for years on the Atlantic salmon rivers of England and Scotland, has increased in popularity over the past 15 years in the United States and Canada, especially on Pacific Northwest and British Columbia steelhead rivers. Fishing techniques used for Atlantic salmon are readily applied toward steelhead, and similar casting challenges abound on steelhead rivers. When fishing to unseen fish, a reproducible cast consistently capable of covering all of the likely holding water maximizes the chance of hooking a steelhead. With frequent and repetitive “pattern coverage” a technique which minimizing false casting maximizes the efficiency of the whole endeavor. Spey movements also allow long casts to be made with heavy sink tips with nearly the same ease as floating tips. The potential to pick up and cast over 100 feet of line without stripping and shooting line with each cast also provides the Spey fisher unparalleled line control and mending advantages over shorter single–handed rods. Provided the rod, reel, and line are balanced properly, Spey casting allows continued long distance casting to be performed all day long, with far less fatigue than with a single handed rod.
Way Yin M.D. helped Scientific Anglers developed the XLT Spey Line.
Next Week: Styles of Spey Casting
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